IOB (2013) Renewable Energy: Access and Impact (A systematic literature review of the impact on livelihoods of interventions providing access to renewable energy in developing countries). IOB Study No. 376. Den Haag: Policy and Operations Evaluation Department (IOB), Ministry of Foreign Affairs.Link to Source
The authors use a pragmatic approach to systematic review with a search followed by a multistage screening of articles, extraction and analysis. However, there are several major limitations: the search is limited in scope and only English language included. There is no independent screening of studies for inclusion and the critical appraisal is not focused on assessing risk of bias in causal attribution. This is a particular concern considering the broad study design inclusion criteria. Moreover, there is no independent double coding, it is not clear how authors combine and analyse studies and while there is reference to study quality in presentation of results, the broad inclusion criteria and inappropriate appraisal tool make the presentation of evidence problematic.