Open Window 4 Award Winners

3ie is pleased to announce 20 provisional grants under its fourth Open Window.

The funded impact evaluations address crucial policy related questions in the areas of agriculture, education, employment generation, empowerment, health, migration and governance. The studies will evaluate development interventions in low and middle-income countries spread across Africa, Asia, Latin America, the Caribbean and Eastern Europe.

3ie has now funded 90 impact evaluations under the Open Window programme. These studies will build a a firm foundation of evidence for effective policies and programmes that improve lives.


Impact and adoption of risk-reducing drought-tolerant rice in India

In India nearly six million hectares of land are believed to be under high drought risk. This evaluation looks at the impact of cultivating a drought-tolerant, early-maturing rice variety, called Sahbhagi Dhan. The study will also analyse how farmer behaviour changes in terms of risk management practices. Read more

Land property rights and agricultural investment in the Philippines: experimental evidence on impacts and mechanisms

Many farmers in the Philippines do not have individual property rights over their land but instead hold collective rights with neighbours. Since collective land holding can be a deterrent to investment,  the Philippines government is implementing a programme to subdivide collective land and formalize individual property rights. This study will generate crucial evidence on the impact of formal property rights on investment. Read more

A multiple interventions approach to increasing technology adoption: evidence from Mexico

This study will evaluate the Mexican government’s Technology Guarantee Program pilot for agriculture in conjunction with a programme that offers incentives for extension workers. It will examine the most important constraints to the adoption of modern agricultural practices. Read more

Dissemination of new agricultural technologies in Africa: making extension work

Low agricultural productivity and limited adoption of new agricultural technologies have been identified as key development challenges in Sub-Saharan Africa. This study will evaluate a programme targeting dairy producers in Uganda that trains volunteer farmer trainers, who in turn train other farmers in the production and use of high-value animal feeds. It will test whether and how improving incentives and establishing linkages with expert advisers can increase the effectiveness of such extension services. Read more


A wide angle view of learning: evaluation of the CCE and LEP Programmes in Haryana, India

Student assessments in India have focused on academic topics through end-of-the-year examinations. This study will evaluate the system of Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) in Haryana schools and examine whether the Learning Enhancement Program (LEP) can serve as a complementary or alternative intervention. CCE entails frequent evaluation of children and feedback to teachers about their progress. The LEP is a programme that aims to achieve age and class appropriate learning by grouping children and teachers by their abilities instead of the grade system. Read more

Evaluating the impact of alternative CCT Modalities in Macedonia

This study focuses on two important design issues related to conditional cash transfers for school attendance. How important is it to pay the transfer to the mother figure rather than the head of the household (usually male)? If the conditionality is school attendance, what is the difference between providing equal payments in all trimesters, rather than having smaller payments earlier in the academic year and an end-of-year bonus? Read more

Impact evaluation of closing the El Salvador Community Managed Schools Program (EDUCO) 

This impact evaluation will examine the consequences of the El Salvadoran government’s decision to close the Community Managed Schools Program, an intervention which was aimed at decentralizing management of public education by increasing parental involvement. It will analyse impact on school autonomy, teacher accountability and student performance. Read more

Estimating supply and demand responses to an information intervention in the Chilean education sector

Although 38 per cent of students in Chile receive vocational education, high unemployment rates among young people suggests that vocational schools may be failing to provide skills valued in the labor market. This evaluation will analyse the impact of vocational education information on the choices made by students, and on educational and labor market outcomes. Read more

Evaluating the impact of a school-based program of malaria diagnosis and treatment on school attendance in southern Malawi

Malaria among school children in Malawi may be having profound consequences on their learning and educational achievement. This study will examine if this is true by evaluating a pilot programme of teacher-based diagnosis and treatment of malaria to look at outcomes like impact on school attendance and cost-effectiveness of the intervention. Read more

Evaluation of Centres for Infant Development: an early years intervention in Colombia

This study will evaluate two subsidized day care programmes offered by the Government of Colombia - Hogares Infantiles and its more upgraded version Centros de Desarrollo Infantil. The evaluation will look at impact on children’s nutrition status and development, and the demand for childcare. Read more

Employment Generation

Evaluating the impacts of psychosocial support and cash for work on employment and propensity towards violence among Liberian youth

In post-conflict Liberia, unemployed youth often compete for limited job opportunities. This impact evaluation will look at how a youth economic empowerment programme can influence the ability of youth to pursue productive work opportunities. Read more

Impact evaluation of National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme in India

India's National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS) is the largest public works project in the world. The study will analyse targeting and implementation, partial equilibrium effects, general equilibrium effects and gender specific effects. Read more

To formalize, or not to formalize, that is the question

The majority of small business owners in Malawi are financially excluded. This impact evaluation will estimate the impact of business registration for small-to-medium enterprises in the country. It will also assess the complementary value of increasing access to financial services for these entrepreneurs. Read more


Unpacking the determinants of entrepreneurship development and economic empowerment for women

Since 2004, the International Labour Organizations' Women's Entrepreneurship Development programme has introduced a business management training package with a strong gender component called Gender and Enterprise Together (GET ahead) in over a dozen countries. The proposed impact evaluation aims to measure the causal impact of this business training programme in Kenya on the profitability, growth and survival of female-owned businesses. Read more


Demand driven evaluation to improve Bihar's Integrated Child Development Services

The Bihar government devotes $200 million annually to address child malnutrition through its Supplementary Nutrition Programme. However, the government estimates that approximately 50 per cent of its spending is diverted, and the meals that are served lack the nutritional content stipulated by the government. This impact evaluation compares the effectiveness of two interventions aimed at reducing leakage and improving nutritional delivery. Read more

Mixed method approach to evaluate a Communication for Development (C4D) intervention

Can using multiple modes of communication influence key health behaviors like sleeping under an insecticide treating and washing hangs with soap? The study will address this question by evaluating a  programme in Ghana that uses several modes of communication like radio, focus group discussions, theatre and voice messages through mobile phones. Read more

Skilled attendance at birth: a natural experiment in Nigeria

The Nigerian Midwives Service Scheme is a government program which recruits and deploys newly qualified, unemployed and retired midwives to rural primary health care clinics for ensuring 24-hour access to skilled obstetric care. The evaluation will look at impact on access to emergency obstetric care, utilization of skilled birth attendants, and maternal and child health. Read more


Harnessing the development benefits of international migration: a randomized evaluation of enhanced pre-departure orientation seminars for migrants from the Philippines

Pre-departure orientation seminars for migrants aim to empower by providing information that can help them adapt and succeed abroad. This evaluation looks at the effectiveness of enhanced training modules that aim to increase financial literacy, engage migrants in diaspora activities, improve their labor market success and protect them from exploitation. Read more

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