Transparency and Accountability in Natural Resources Governance Thematic Window

3ie has awarded seven grants for impact evaluations under this thematic window. We are supporting rigorous impact evaluations of initiatives aimed at improving the transparency and accountability of governance of natural resources in the extractives sector.

The objective of this thematic window is to fill critical knowledge gaps by funding impact evaluations that generate rigorous evidence for informing the design or the scale up of effective transparency and accountability initiatives. 

3ie issued two calls under this thematic window which focussed on the evaluation of different pathways for increasing transparency and accountability in administering and distributing the benefits of nationally available natural resources. The resources include commodities such as oil, gas and minerals.

The first funding call under the Transparency and Accountability Thematic Window was supported by with UK aid from the UK government and the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation.The second call under this funding window is supported by UK aid from the UK government.

Listed below are summaries of the on-going impact evaluations funded by 3ie, with full summaries available in the 3ie impact evaluation database. 

For more information, please write us at

3ie-supported impact evaluations

Deliberative democracy and resource rents in Tanzania 

Principal investigators: Nancy Birdsall, Justin Sandefur, Mujobu Moyo
Organisation: Center for Global Development, USA

This study uses an experimental design to evaluate the impact of ‘deliberative polling,’ which involves conducting a series of public deliberations with a nationally representative sample of Tanzanians, measuring people’s views before and after expert information is provided and public debates on a range of options for the use of gas revenues are facilitated.

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Examining transparency and accountability within the oil and gas sector: impact evaluation of key provisions in Ghana's Petroleum Revenue Management Act (2011)

Principal Investigators: Daniel Inkoom, Amin Mohammed and Ishmael Edjekumhene
Organisation: Kumasi Institute of Technology, Energy and Environment (KITE), Ghana

This impact evaluation will evaluate various components of Ghana’s Petroleum Revenue Management Act. This includes the creation of a Public Interest and Accountability Committee and Annual Budget Funding Amount on revenue allocation efficiency and development outcomes.

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An impact assessment of stakeholder engagement interventions in Ugandan oil extractives

Research team: Eric Coleman, Jacob Manyindo and Rani Parker 
Organisation: Business-Community Synergies

This impact evaluation will assess the impact of a multi-stakeholder intervention that will explain to the community members the key junctures in the oil company planning cycle and their rights and how to exercise them; encourage them to formulate discussion priorities when engaging with oil companies and government, and help them understand reasonable expectations from this process.

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Harnessing transparency initiatives to improve India’s environmental clearance process

Research team: Anant Sudarshan, Charity Troyer-Moore and Rohini Pande 
Organisation: Institute for Financial Management and Research

​This study will evaluate the impact of an environmental public disclosure programme in the mining sector. The impact evaluation will assess whether improved performance seen in many similar programmes is due to reputational effects (the main claim of public disclosure advocates) or the presence of improved monitoring and verification by regulators needed to make public disclosure programmes credible.

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On the mechanics of the political resource curse: information and local elite behavior in Mozambique

Research team: Pedro Vicente, Alex Armand and Antonio Cruz 
Organisation: Associação NOVAFRICA para o Desenvolvimento Empresarial e Económico de Moçambique (NOVAFRICA)

This study will evaluate the impact of differentiated kinds of information about the management of natural gas in the Rovuma basin of Mozambique, and the holding of citizen meetings to deliberate on the main priorities for spending the revenues from these resources on the behaviour of the local elites and the general population.

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Behavioural responses to information on contaminated drinking water: randomised evidence from the Ecuadorian Amazon

Research team: Lorenzo Pellegrini, Marti Orta-Martinez, Matthias Rieger, Murat Arsel, Natascha Wagner, Ricardo Segovia and Ximena Warnaars 
Organisation: International Institute of Social Studies, Erasmus University

Globally, 30 per cent of the tropical rainforests overlap with conventional hydrocarbon reserves. The Amazon is a case in point where hydrocarbon extraction coincides with unparalleled cultural diversity and ecological wealth. There is strong evidence of severe oil-related water pollution and health impacts on populations living in the areas surrounding oil extraction.

This study will analyse whether the communication of water quality data from different water sources can produce quick and relatively inexpensive gains in term of quality of water consumed by the households in the Ecuadorian Amazon, and whether the information about water quality can lead to collective action by the local communities against the oil companies.

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Community monitoring of socio-environmental liabilities with advanced technologies in Ecuador and Peru: Evidence from a randomised control trial using high-frequency data

Research team: Lorenzo Pellegrini, Marti Orta-Martinez, Matthias Rieger, Murat Arsel, Natascha Wagner, Ricardo Segovia and Ximena Warnaars 
Organisation: International Institute of Social Studies, Erasmus University

Ecuador and Peru have recently seen not only massive increase in hydrocarbon extraction but also intense negative environmental change, severe health impacts and social conflict.

This study evaluates the impact of community monitoring of socio-environmental liabilities using a combination of advanced technologies. The introduction of a set of custom-designed technological innovations—drones, mobile phones, bespoke apps, etc. —is expected to improve community control of territories in which extractive industries operate with a view to mitigating environmental degradation and mitigate the negative effects on local communities and better remediation.

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