Working papers

3ie working papers cover both conceptual issues related to impact evaluation and findings from specific studies or systematic reviews. These policy-relevant papers draw on rigorous evidence from impact evaluations and systematic reviews to offer insights, new analyses, findings, recommendations and learnings from 3ie’s grant-making practices. Our working papers focus on methods and offer technical guides to help advance understanding, design and use of rigorous and appropriate evaluations and reviews.


Community-driven development: does it build social cohesion or infrastructure? A mixed-method evidence synthesis

3ie Working Paper 30, 2018

In community-driven development programmes, community members are in charge of identifying, implementing and maintaining externally funded development projects. This working paper assesses how these programmes have evolved over the years and examines what their impact has been.

The authors synthesised evidence from process evaluations and qualitative research to examine the factors influencing success and failure as well as tested numerous assumptions, particularly the link between community participation and social cohesion.

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Other working papers