Working papers

3ie working papers cover both conceptual issues related to impact evaluation and findings from specific studies or systematic reviews. These policy-relevant papers draw on rigorous evidence from impact evaluations and systematic reviews to offer insights, new analyses, findings, recommendations and learnings from 3ie’s grant-making practices. Our working papers focus on methods and offer technical guides to help advance understanding, design and use of rigorous and appropriate evaluations and reviews.


Evaluating advocacy: an exploration of evidence and tools to understand what works and why

3ie Working Paper 29, 2017

This working paper adds to the growing study and practice of advocacy evaluation by examining the challenges associated with evaluating advocacy initiatives. The authors identify factors associated with successful advocacy interventions that have been measured using rigorous impact evaluations. 

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Other working papers