Health

As the number of deaths from infectious diseases decreases, the global rate of death from noncommunicable causes, such as heart disease, is growing. Many developing countries must now face a two-fold burden of disease by continuing to prevent and control infectious diseases while also addressing health threats from noncommunicable diseases and environmental health risks. As the social and economic conditions in developing countries cause improvements in national health systems, additional focus will need to be given to the issues of immunisation, maternal and child health, malnutrition, sexual and reproductive health, neonatal health, and HIV & AIDS.

Curt Carnemark, World Bank

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IEb8

Running water, working toilets and safe hygiene practices

Impact evaluation 3ie 2009
The world is falling behind its targets to improve people’s access to sanitation, with major health costs. There is strong evidence that both sanitation and hygiene interventions are highly effective in reducing risks of diarrhoea, however public health promotion appears more cost-effective.

SR B4

Zero child hunger: breaking the cycle of malnutrition

Systematic review 3ie 2012
Is there enough evidence to show that increased household income and a better diet can improve children’s nutritional status?

An impact and embedded process evaluation of The Fifth Child community engagement strategy in northern Uganda

Impact evaluation 3ie

Publication type: Ongoing 3ie Funded Studies
Author: Jayne Webster, Jeannie Annan , Dickson Malunda
Sector: Community Action Program, Health Nutrition and Population, Health Services

Impact assessment of the SALT (Stimulate, Appreciate, Learn, and Transfer) approach of community engagement to increase immunisation coverage through ownership - a mixed methods study in Assam, India

Impact evaluation 3ie

Publication type: Ongoing 3ie Funded Studies
Author: Sandra Albert, Santanu Pramanik, Ravi Prakash, Arundhati Muralidharan, Arpita Ghosh
Sector: Community Action Program, Health Nutrition and Population, Health Services

The effects of engaging communities in decision-making and action through traditional and religious leaders on vaccination rates in Nigeria

Impact evaluation 3ie

Publication type: Ongoing 3ie Funded Studies
Author: Angela Oyo-Ita, Amanda Ross, Emmanuel Uddoh, Friday Odey, Marting Meremikwu , Xavier Bosch-Capblanch
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Community engagement through supportive feedback and non'monetary incentives: a randomised controlled trial in Ethiopia

Impact evaluation 3ie

Publication type: Ongoing 3ie Funded Studies
Author: Abebual Demilew, Besfat Wodajo, Margaret McConnell , Saugato Datta
Sector: Health Nutrition and Population, Health Services

IE91

Impacts of removing user fees for maternal health services on universal health coverage in Kenya

Impact evaluation 3ie 2018

This evaluation examines both the short- and long-term impacts of removing user fees for maternal health services in Kenya on low-income women’s maternal health facilities use.

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Community-based distribution of oral HIV self-testing kits: experimental evidence from Zambia

Impact evaluation 3ie 2018

Authors piloted a door-to-door offer of a choice between counselor-provided finger-prick rapid HIV testing, or oral HIV self-testing in the presence or absence of the counselor.

ie84

Direct provision versus facility collection of HIV tests: impacts of self-testing among female sex workers in Uganda

Impact evaluation 3ie 2018
Authors evaluated the impacts on HIV testing rates of directly providing female sex workers with HIV self-test kits or coupons that they could exchange for a free test kit, as well as a peer educator referring them to a facility for standard testing.

ie83

Increasing female sex worker HIV testing: effects of peer educators and HIV self-tests in Zambia

Impact evaluation 3ie 2018

Authors assessed whether peer educators promoting HIV self-tests increased HIV testing among female sex workers in transit towns.

IE81

Nourishing the future: targeting infants and their caregivers to reduce undernutrition in rural China

Impact evaluation 3ie 2018
This evaluation showed that community delivery of drugs by health workers to clinically stable patients is not inferior to standard care, where patients visit a clinic-based doctor to refill prescriptions. 

IE77

Improving midday meal delivery and encouraging micronutrient fortification among children in India

Impact evaluation 3ie 2018

This study evaluated the impact of a school feeding programme on meal quality and child health in Odisha. The authors found a significant and positive effect of the take up of fortified meals.

Factors affecting uptake of voluntary and community-based health insurance schemes in low-and middle-income countries

Factors affecting uptake of voluntary and community-based health insurance schemes in low-and middle-income countries

Systematic review 3ie 2016

This systematic review by Panda and colleagues examines the demand and supply factors that affect uptake and renewal of community-based voluntary health insurance schemes in low- and middle-income

The identification and measurement of health - related spillovers in impact evaluations

The identification and measurement of health - related spillovers in impact evaluations

Systematic review 3ie 2015

This systematic review by Benjamin-Chung and colleagues examines the existing evidence on interventions associated with health-related spillover effects.

Community-based rehabilitation for people with disabilities in low- and middle-income countries

Community-based rehabilitation for people with disabilities in low- and middle-income countries

Systematic review 3ie 2015

This systematic review examines the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of community-based rehabilitation (CBR) for people living with physical and mental disabilities in low- and middle-income co

sr16-cbhi

Community-based health insurance: how to promote effective and equitable coverage?

Systematic review 3ie 2017
The brief is based on a systematic review examining the demand and supply factors that affect uptake and renewal of community-based voluntary health insurance schemes in L&MICs.

SR15

Supplementary feeding for improving the health of disadvantaged infants and young children: a systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2016

This systematic review by Kristjansson and colleagues examines whether food supplementation is effective in improving the health of disadvantaged children aged 3 months to 5 years, and the factors

Slum upgrading strategies and their effects on health and socio-economic outcomes

Slum upgrading strategies and their effects on health and socio-economic outcomes

Systematic review 3ie 2013

This systematic review by Turley and colleagues explores the effects of slum upgrading strategies that involve improving the physical environment and infrastructure on the health, quality of life a

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Adolescent sexual and reproductive health evidence gap map

Evidence gap map

This map, funded by the Hewlett Foundation, presents existing evidence on the effects of adolescent sexual and reproductive health programming in L&MICs.

Download in excel | View video | View report

RP16

Preventing HIV and HSV-2 through improving knowledge and attitudes: a replication study of a multicomponent intervention in Zimbabwe

Replication paper 3ie 2018
Yu and colleagues conducted a replication study of an influential paper “The Regai Dzive Shiri Project: results of a randomised trial of an HIV prevention intervention for Zimbabwean youth” by Frances Cowan and colleagues.

PEPFAR and adult mortality: a replication study of HIV development assistance effects in Sub-Saharan African countries

PEPFAR and adult mortality: a replication study of HIV development assistance effects in Sub-Saharan African countries

Replication paper 3ie 2018
Nicholas Hein and colleagues conducted a replication of the 2012 publication HIV development assistance and adult mortality in Africa by Eran Bendavid and colleagues.

RP14

When to start ART? A replication study of timing of antiretroviral therapy for HIV-1-associated Tuberculosis

Replication paper 3ie 2018
In this paper, the research team conducted a replication study of Havlir and others’ 2011 study, “Timing of antiretroviral therapy for HIV-1 infection and tuberculosis.”

RP13

Stretching HIV treatment: A replication study of task shifting in South Africa

Replication paper 3ie 2017
Baojiang Chen and Morshed Alam conducted a replication study of Fairall and other’s influential paper, “Task shifting of antiretroviral treatment from doctors to primary-care nurses in South Africa (STRETCH)”.

Cash transfers and HIV/HSV-2 prevalence: a replication of a cluster randomized trial in Malawi

Cash transfers and HIV/HSV-2 prevalence: a replication of a cluster randomized trial in Malawi

Replication paper 3ie 2017
In this paper, Lynette Smith, Nick Hein and Danstan Bagenda conduct a replication study of the influential 2012 publication, Effect of a cash transfer programme for schooling on prevalence of HIV and herpes simplex type 2 in Malawi.

Male circumcision and HIV acquisition: reinvestigating the evidence from young men in Kisumu, Kenya

Male circumcision and HIV acquisition: reinvestigating the evidence from young men in Kisumu, Kenya

Replication paper 3ie 2015
In this replication study, Eric W. Djimeu, Jeffrey E. Korte, and Flor A. Calvo reevaluate some of the strongest evidence supporting HIV-related male circumcision interventions in the developing world.

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