© Georgina Smith,CIAT

To help address gaps in the understanding of what works and what does not, we fund a variety of studies across this programme area, including interventions focused on insurance, extension, land-use and forestry, and innovation and technology.

For more information, please write to To receive alerts about call for proposals, please sign up here.

Related content

Assessing the impact of agricultural risk insurance programmes on smallholder farmers

Programme overview Brief 3ie 2017
This grant programme funds the generation of policy-relevant evidence on factors that affect successful uptake of agricultural insurance among smallholder farmers in low-and lower-middle income countries.

Recalling extra data: a replication study of Finding missing markets

Replication paper 3ie 2015
Benjamin DK Wood and Michell Dong conduct an internal replication of Finding Missing Markets (and a Disturbing Epilogue): Evidence From an Export Crop Adoption and Marketing Intervention In Kenya (2009).

The long and short of returns to public investments in fifteen Ethiopian villages

Replication paper 3ie 2015

This is a replication study by William H. Bowser of an impact evaluation by Stefan Dercon, Daniel O. Gilligan, John Hoddinott and Tassew Woldehanna.

Does agricultural certification improve well-being?

Systematic review Brief 3ie 2017
This brief is based on a systematic review that assesses the impact of agriculture certification schemes for improving socially sustainable and fairer production for smallholder farmers and workers.

Effectiveness of agricultural certification schemes for improving socio-economic outcomes in low- and middle-income countries

Systematic review summary 3ie 2017
This report summarises a systematic review by Oya and colleagues that assesses the impact of agriculture certification schemes on improving socio-economic conditions for workers and farmers in low- and middle-income countries.

Effects of training, innovation and new technology on African smallholder farmers’ economic outcomes and food security

Systematic review summary 3ie 2016
This report is based on a systematic review by Stewart and colleagues that synthesises evidence on the effects of training, innovations and new technology on African smallholder farmers’ income, assets and food security.

Evaluating agricultural information dissemination in western Kenya

Impact evaluation 3ie 2018

This impact evaluation by Fabregas and colleagues examines the role of information in addressing the constraints smallholder farmers in Kenya face in adopting agricultural inputs.

Insuring farmers against weather shocks: Evidence from India

Impact evaluation 3ie 2017

This impact evaluation by Tobacman et al. examines the long-term impacts of rainfall insurance in Gujarat, India.

Making networks work for policy: evidence from agricultural technology adoption in Malawi

Impact evaluation 3ie 2016

This report by Beaman et al. tests training diffusion partners chosen using a theory-based selection approach and whether it leads to greater adoption of new agricultural technologies in Malawi.

Sustainability of impact: dimensions of decline and persistence in adopting a biofortified crop in Uganda

Impact evaluation 3ie 2016

This study by McNiven S, Gilligan, DO and Hotz C, studied the sustainability of impact of an agricultural intervention that promoted the adoption and consumption of biofortified orange sweet potato

Smallholder access to weather securities in India: demand and impact on production decisions

Impact evaluation 3ie 2015

Weather index insurance (WII) has had low demand and uptake among farmers despite a recent surge in interest among private companies and policymakers.

Assessing the impact of farmer field schools on fertiliser use in China

Impact evaluation 3ie 2015

In China, a major agricultural challenge is the inefficient use of fertilizer and the environmental effects associated with overuse.

Why targeting matters: a systematic review of farmer field schools targeting

Systematic review 3ie 2015

Targeting in any development intervention is critical, as it impacts programmes outcomes. This review studies targeting in farmer field school (FFS) programmes.

What is the evidence on smallholder agriculture interventions in Africa?

Systematic review Brief 3ie 2016
This brief is based on The Effects of Training, Innovation and New Technology on African Smallholder Farmers’ Economic Outcomes and Food Security: A Systematic Review, by Stewart et al. synthesises evidence from 19 impact evaluations that study the effect of training, innovations and new technology interventions on income, assets and food security.

Zero child hunger: breaking the cycle of malnutrition

Systematic review Brief 3ie 2012
Is there enough evidence to show that increased household income and a better diet can improve children’s nutritional status?

There are no evidence gap maps
There are no replication studies
There is no related content.