© Georgina Smith,CIAT

To help address gaps in the understanding of what works and what does not, we fund a variety of studies across this programme area, including interventions focused on insurance, extension, land-use and forestry, and innovation and technology.

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Related content

Effectiveness of agricultural certification schemes for improving socio-economic outcomes in low- and middle-income countries

Systematic review summary 3ie 2017
This report summarises a systematic review by Oya and colleagues that assesses the impact of agriculture certification schemes on improving socio-economic conditions for workers and farmers in low- and middle-income countries.

Effects of training, innovation and new technology on African smallholder farmers’ economic outcomes and food security

Systematic review summary 3ie 2016
This report is based on a systematic review by Stewart and colleagues that synthesises evidence on the effects of training, innovations and new technology on African smallholder farmers’ income, assets and food security.

Farmer field schools: from agricultural extension to adult education

Systematic review summary 3ie 2014
Since the late 1980s, support to agriculture has moved from top-down agricultural extension towards more participatory approaches which better suit smallholder farmers. One such approach is the farmer field school (FFS), an adult education intervention which uses intensive discovery-based learning to promote skills. Although FFS has been used to train 12 million farmers in over 90 countries across Asia, Africa and Latin America, the effectiveness of this approach has long been a subject of debate.

Providing collateral and improving product market access for smallholder farmers: a randomised evaluation of inventory credit in Sierra Leone

Impact evaluation 3ie 2015

Inventory credit can be an important instrument in helping farmers benefit from large inter-seasonal volatility of agricultural prices.

A randomised evaluation of the effects of an agricultural insurance programme on rural households’ behaviour: evidence from China

Impact evaluation 3ie 2014

The provision of weather insurance is a potential way of shielding farmers from weather related shocks and reducing poverty.

Enhancing food production and food security through improved inputs

Impact evaluation 3ie 2015

In Tanzania, agriculture accounts for 27 per cent of GDP, 80 per cent of employment and 75 per cent of household income. It is a key component of the country strategy for poverty reduction.

The impact of adopting risk-reducing, drought-tolerant rice in India

Impact evaluation 3ie 2018
This evaluation examines the impact of cultivating Sahbhagi Dhan rice to reduce yield losses during droughts for farmers in eastern India.

Does information on agricultural technology encourage adoption?

Impact evaluation Brief 3ie 2018
This brief is based on the findings of an impact evaluation that examines the role of information in addressing the constraints smallholder farmers in Kenya face in adopting agricultural inputs.

Evaluating agricultural information dissemination in western Kenya

Impact evaluation 3ie 2018

This impact evaluation by Fabregas and colleagues examines the role of information in addressing the constraints smallholder farmers in Kenya face in adopting agricultural inputs.

Insuring farmers against weather shocks: Evidence from India

Impact evaluation 3ie 2017

This impact evaluation by Tobacman et al. examines the long-term impacts of rainfall insurance in Gujarat, India.

Making networks work for policy: evidence from agricultural technology adoption in Malawi

Impact evaluation 3ie 2016

This report by Beaman et al. tests training diffusion partners chosen using a theory-based selection approach and whether it leads to greater adoption of new agricultural technologies in Malawi.

Sustainability of impact: dimensions of decline and persistence in adopting a biofortified crop in Uganda

Impact evaluation 3ie 2016

This study by McNiven S, Gilligan, DO and Hotz C, studied the sustainability of impact of an agricultural intervention that promoted the adoption and consumption of biofortified orange sweet potato

Why targeting matters: a systematic review of farmer field schools targeting

Systematic review 3ie 2015

Targeting in any development intervention is critical, as it impacts programmes outcomes. This review studies targeting in farmer field school (FFS) programmes.

What is the evidence on smallholder agriculture interventions in Africa?

Systematic review Brief 3ie 2016
This brief is based on The Effects of Training, Innovation and New Technology on African Smallholder Farmers’ Economic Outcomes and Food Security: A Systematic Review, by Stewart et al. synthesises evidence from 19 impact evaluations that study the effect of training, innovations and new technology interventions on income, assets and food security.

Zero child hunger: breaking the cycle of malnutrition

Systematic review Brief 3ie 2012
Is there enough evidence to show that increased household income and a better diet can improve children’s nutritional status?

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