Health

As the number of deaths from infectious diseases decreases, the global rate of death from noncommunicable causes, such as heart disease, is growing. Many developing countries must now face a two-fold burden of disease by continuing to prevent and control infectious diseases while also addressing health threats from noncommunicable diseases and environmental health risks. As the social and economic conditions in developing countries cause improvements in national health systems, additional focus will need to be given to the issues of immunisation, maternal and child health, malnutrition, sexual and reproductive health, neonatal health, and HIV & AIDS.

Curt Carnemark, World Bank

For more information, please write to info@3ieimpact.org. To receive alerts about call for proposals, please sign up here.

Related content

Can mobile message reminders help in treating TB in Pakistan?

Impact evaluation Brief 3ie 2017
This brief is based on an impact evaluation that examines the impact of a mobile-based health intervention on the treatment outcomes of people with treatable TB in Karachi, Pakistan. Wh​ile 85 per cent of the TB patients who were enrolled to receive SMS reminders responded to the reminder system at least once, the response rate of all participants during their six-month treatment course was low.

Male circumcision and HIV acquisition: reinvestigating the evidence from young men in Kisumu, Kenya

Replication paper 3ie 2015
In this replication study, Eric W. Djimeu, Jeffrey E. Korte, and Flor A. Calvo reevaluate some of the strongest evidence supporting HIV-related male circumcision interventions in the developing world.

Walking on solid ground: a replication study on Piso Firme’s impact

Replication paper 3ie 2015
This replication study re-examines some of the limited existing research on how quality of housing affects health and socioeconomic outcomes, including household measures of health for children and mothers.

The impact of India's JSY conditional cash transfer programme: a replication study

Replication paper 3ie 2015
Natalie Carvalho and Slawa Rokicki conduct an internal replication of the first impact evaluation of India’s Janani Suraksha Yojana intervention designed to incentivise the use of formal birthing facilities.

The identification and measurement of health - related spillovers in impact evaluations

Systematic review 3ie 2015

This systematic review by Benjamin-Chung and colleagues examines the existing evidence on interventions associated with health-related spillover effects.

Community-based rehabilitation for people with disabilities in low- and middle-income countries

Systematic review 3ie 2015

This systematic review examines the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of community-based rehabilitation (CBR) for people living with physical and mental disabilities in low- and middle-income co

Impacts of community delivery of antiretroviral drugs in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Impact evaluation Brief 3ie 2018
This evaluation showed that delivery of drugs by community health workers to clinically stable patients is not inferior to standard care, where patients visit a clinic-based doctor to refill prescriptions. 

Increasing female sex worker HIV testing: effects of peer educators and HIV self-tests in Zambia

Impact evaluation 3ie 2018

Authors assessed whether peer educators promoting HIV self-tests increased HIV testing among female s

Nourishing the future: targeting infants and their caregivers to reduce undernutrition in rural China

Impact evaluation 3ie 2018
This evaluation showed that community delivery of drugs by health workers to clinically stable patients is not inferior to standard care, where patients visit a clinic-based doctor to refill prescriptions. 

Improving midday meal delivery and encouraging micronutrient fortification among children in India

Impact evaluation 3ie 2018

This study evaluated the impact of a school feeding programme on meal quality and child health in Odisha. The authors found a significant and positive effect of the take up of fortified meals.

A low-cost patient appointment and tracking system for ART at reproductive and child health clinics in Tanzania

Impact evaluation Brief 3ie 2018

This brief is based on the findings of an impact evaluation that looks at whether orienting staff at reproductive and child health clinics improves patient appointment attendance rates.

Age at marriage, women’s education, and mother and child outcomes in Bangladesh

Impact evaluation 3ie 2018

This impact evaluation examines the impact of an empowerment training programme and a financial incentive programme to reduce child marriage and increase girls’ education in rural Bangladesh.

Does community-based rehabilitation improve lives of people with disabilities?

Systematic review Brief 3ie 2016
This brief is based on 3ie’s systematic review summary Community-based rehabilitation for people with disabilities. The systematic review looks at the impact of community-based rehabilitation (CBR) on health, education, livelihoods, social inclusion and empowerment.

Measuring spillovers matters

Systematic review Brief 3ie 2016
This brief is based on the systematic review, The identification and measurement of health-related spillovers in impact evaluations: a systematic review by Benjamin-Chung et al. It tries to identify mechanisms that trigger spillover through geographic or social proximity, learning or imitation, norm-shaping, income and substitute effects, general equilibrium effects and relative deprivation.

Behaviour change intervention to prevent HIV among women living in low- and middle-income countries

Systematic review 3ie 2009

This review by Sandra McCoy et al. suggests that behavioural change interventions alone have been limited in their ability to control HIV transmission among women in low- and middle-income

The impact of daycare programs on child health, nutrition and development in developing countries: a systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2011

As more mothers join the workforce in developing countries, the demand for daycare services is on the rise. Jef L Leroy et al. assess the evidence on the impact of daycare interventions on the heal

Community-based intervention packages for reducing maternal morbidity and mortality and improving neonatal outcomes

Systematic review 3ie 2011
The review by Zohra S. Lassi and colleagues offers encouraging evidence of the value of integrating maternal and newborn care in community settings through a range of interventions which can be packaged for delivery by community health workers and health promotion groups.

Focus on Female Genital Mutilation

Systematic review Brief 3ie 2013
Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) has negative health consequences for women, ranging from pain, bleeding, and shock due to chronic infections. Around 140 million girls and women live with the risks caused by FGM/C, of which 92 million girls and women are in Africa.

There are no evidence gap maps

Walking on solid ground: a replication study on Piso Firme’s impact

Replication paper 3ie 2015
This replication study re-examines some of the limited existing research on how quality of housing affects health and socioeconomic outcomes, including household measures of health for children and mothers.

The impact of India's JSY conditional cash transfer programme: a replication study

Replication paper 3ie 2015
Natalie Carvalho and Slawa Rokicki conduct an internal replication of the first impact evaluation of India’s Janani Suraksha Yojana intervention designed to incentivise the use of formal birthing facilities.

Reanalysis of health and educational impacts of a school-based deworming program in western Kenya Part 1 and 2: pure replication and alternative analyses

Replication paper 3ie 2014

3ie funded a two-part replication study of Edward Miguel and Michael Kremer’s well-known impact evaluation of a school-based deworming programme in Kenya.

Replicating influential HIV impact studies: lessons learned and next steps

Replication studies Brief 3ie 2017
3ie funded five replication studies on influential impact evaluations of HIV prevention and treatment interventions. Impact evaluations studied included cash transfers, country-level development assistance programs, HIV education programs and approaches to administering antiretroviral therapy.

There is no related content.