3ie News | February 2018
Evidence • Action • Impact
Evidence uptake and use from 3ie-funded studies
Informing the design of government programmes to enable real-time wage payments to beneficiaries in India
Despite being among the poorest Indian states, Bihar has witnessed very low participation rates in the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Scheme (MGNREGS), which gives adults in every rural household the right to 100 days of work per year at the wage rate determined by the state government for the programme. Constrained administrative capacity to deliver the programme has often been cited as one of the reasons for low beneficiary participation. A study led by J-PAL evaluated the impact of an information technology reform that linked the flow of funds to actual expenditures and reduced the number of officials involved in distributing wages under MGNREGA. The results from the impact evaluation in Bihar have been informing a broader discourse at the national level on improving fund flow in government spending. The 2015-16 economic survey, an annual review undertaken by the Ministry of Finance, cited the study recommendations to advocate for technology-enabled transfer of payments in real time to beneficiaries for all government programmes. In 2016, the Ministry of Finance extended the use of the public financial management system, which integrates expenditure-based fund flow systems, into all centrally funded government programmes.
3ie turns 10!
2018 is a very special year, as it marks 3ie’s tenth anniversary. We want to start by thanking all of you for your support and partnership over the past decade. Evidence matters, now more than ever. We remain firmly committed to the generation and use of robust, high-quality evidence for decision-making in international development. To help ensure that no one is left behind as we head toward 2030, we are intensifying our efforts to produce and advocate for more and better evidence that helps address the needs of vulnerable and marginalised people and promote equality.

We will be hosting a series of events in New Delhi, London and Washington, DC between April and November. We will kick off our events during Delhi Evidence Week 16-20 April. Our conference will focus on what we have been learning over the past decade, and how it informs where we are headed. We will be providing details on the speakers, agenda and the venue in coming weeks. You can pre-register now and follow us on Twitter @3ieNews and track #3ieDEW2018 for all the latest updates.
New 3ie publications
Evidence gap map: Agricultural innovation: an evidence gap map

Evidence gap map reports: Agricultural innovation: an evidence gap map and Social, behavioural and community engagement interventions for reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health: an evidence gap map

Impact evaluation brief: Integrating HIV testing with EPI: a second chance to protect infants

Impact evaluation reports: Age at marriage, women’s education, and mother and child outcomes in Bangladesh; Impact evaluation of the conditional cash transfer program for secondary school attendance in Macedonia; Evaluating agricultural information dissemination in western Kenya

Replication papers: When to start ART? A replication study of timing of antiretroviral therapy for HIV-1-associated tuberculosis and PEPFAR and adult mortality: a replication study of HIV development assistance effects in Sub-Saharan African countries

Systematic review briefs: Community-based health insurance: how to promote effective and equitable coverage? and Creating active labour markets: how to improve employment outcomes for young women and men

Working paper: Evaluating advocacy: an exploration of evidence and tools to understand what works and why
3ie-funded research in peer-reviewed publications
Please click here to access the current list of all the 3ie-funded studies and 3ie-produced publications appearing in peer-reviewed publications.
New Resources
Impact evaluations of development interventions: a practical guide
This guide is a practical resource for people interested in generating or using high-quality evidence on what works in international development. Authors Howard White (Campbell Collaboration) and David Raitzer (Asian Development Bank) highlight core concepts, methods and practical rules of thumb on how to implement successful evaluations for technical and non-economist audiences. They praise and point to 3ie’s public goods, including RIDIE, Impact Evaluation Repository, expert roster and our Excel-based power calculator and guide as some of the resources evaluators can use. Asian Development Bank, one of 3ie’s members, published this book.
Evaluation for Agenda 2030; providing evidence on progress and sustainability
This book published by UNDP-IDEAS presents an authoritative overview of the role of evaluation in generating evidence for informed decision-making and learning to advance sustainable development. 3ie Executive Director Emmanuel Jimenez and former Head of Evaluation Jyotsna Puri assess the opportunities and challenges in theory-based impact evaluation, using examples from education and climate change studies. They also point out why gaps persist and how future evaluators might address them. Abdoulaye Gounou, director-general of Benin’s Public Policy Evaluation Bureau (3ie member) writes about 3ie’s West Africa Capacity-building and Impact Evaluation Programme. He praises 3ie’s approach to engaging with developing country governments and support to strengthen national monitoring and evaluation systems.
3ie events

The impact of finance on welfare of smallholder farmers in Ghana, Ralph Essem Nordjo, University of Stellenbosch Business School, 7 February, London

Child marriage and infant mortality: Causal evidence from the child marriage ban in Ethiopia, Jorge Garcia, Department of Social Policy, London School of Economics 24 January, London

Evaluations and evidence synthesis for social programmes, Francis Rathinam, 3ie and Denny John, Campbell Collaboration, 30 January, New Delhi
Upcoming: Using internal evaluations to measure organisational impact: a meta-analysis of women’s empowerment projects, Simone Lombardini, 28 February, London

3ie co-sponsored EvalFest 2018: a national conference on evaluation, 7-9 February, New Delhi

Joining forces with a number of key evaluation supporters in India, 3ie co-sponsored the first national conference aimed at bolstering the culture of evaluation in India. More than 200 participants attended the three-day event, including significant participation from state government officials for the first time, implementing partners, donors and other evaluation stakeholders. 3ie Executive Director Emmanuel Jimenez gave a keynote speech on the ‘value’ of evaluation, emphasising how the aim should be to seek truth and contribute to a just society. He also stressed the importance of ethics in evaluation and spoke about the need to place the interests of communities at the forefront, as opposed to principal investigators or evaluation commissioners. Participants in our session on promoting effective stakeholder engagement echoed the importance of engaging beneficiaries, who are often sidelined, as well as recognising unequal power dynamics among evaluators, commissioners and beneficiaries. Emmanuel Jimenez and Shobhini Mukherji, executive director, J-PAL South Asia, shared their experiences with innovations in evaluation. Panellists discussed using innovative approaches to commissioning, designing and implementing evaluations, including new tools for data collection. With the Centre for Media Studies, we held a packed session on strengthening research and evaluation ethics. The discussion focussed on improving institutional review boards and establishing clearer and more accountable ethical standards and processes throughout research and evaluation cycles. To read more about highlights from 3ie’s sessions and see the full list of co-organisers, click here.

First Africa Evidence Leadership Award announced

The Africa Evidence Network has launched the first-of-its-kind leadership award to honour people working to promote evidence-informed decision-making in Africa. The awards will be given at Evidence 2018, AEN’s biennial conference from 25-28 September in Pretoria, South Africa. Click here for award details.
Job opportunities at 3ie Job opportunities at other organisations
Senior programme manager, 3ie, Washington, DC Quantitative research associate, American Institutes for Research, Washington, DC
Evaluation specialist, 3ie, Washington, DC Qualitative research associate, American Institutes for Research, Washington, DC
3ie News is a bi-monthly newsletter of the International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie). We are an international grant-making NGO promoting evidence-informed development policies and programmes. We are the global leader in funding, producing and synthesising high-quality evidence of what works, for whom, how, why and at what cost. We believe that using better and policy-relevant evidence helps to make development more effective and improve people’s lives.

On a space-available basis, we will post event or job announcements from member organisations. Please email them with a short blurb and any links to announcements@3ieimpact.org. We welcome comments or corrections to 3ienews@3ieimpact.org

To subscribe to our newsletter, click here. If you no longer wish to receive it, please send us an email at 3ienews@3ieimpact.org with ‘unsubscribe’ in the subject line