In fragile situations, which interventions strengthen intergroup social cohesion?
Ada Sonnenfeld, Evaluation Specialist, 3ie
Patricia Justino, Cluster Leader and Research Fellow, UNU-WIDER
Tog Gang, National Programme Manager, Search for Common Ground
Alexander Corlath, Sector Programme for Transitional Development Assistance, GIZ
Time: 1:30pm- 3:00pm CET (12:30pm GMT)
In 2016, 1.8 billion people – nearly a quarter of the world's population – were living in situations of fragility. Social cohesion is widely considered important in building sustainable peace in fragile contexts. In many contexts, multidimensional threats to human security exacerbate tensions across social cleavages. The literature suggests that higher levels of trust, a shared sense of belonging and acceptance of diversity, and norms around community help and participation – key components of social cohesion – can create mechanisms to mediate or manage potential conflicts between groups across social cleavages. But what is the empirical evidence to support this theory? What strategies are most effective in which contexts? Policymakers and programmers have developed a range of interventions that seek to promote sustainable peace in fragile contexts by fostering intergroup social cohesion. This new mixed-methods 3ie systematic review examined the evidence from 36 impact evaluations based on 24 studies to understand which strategies are effective for which populations in which contexts. The reviewers collected quantitative and qualitative data from the included studies and used statistical meta-analysis and realist-informed framework synthesis to analyse the findings. Ada Sonnenfeld, lead author of the review, will present the key findings and implications for policy and programmes