This systematic review by Samii and colleaguesexamines the evidence on the effects of decentralised forest management (DFM) interventions on deforestation and poverty outcomes. They assess if a relationship exists between effects on poverty and environmental outcomes. Additionally they explore how institutional and social conditions may moderate the effects of DFM programmes. The findings suggest positive, though modest, effects overall of DFM on deforestation. The evidence on poverty is more limited in quantity, but the authors conclude they are unable to rule out a negative effect of DFM on poverty. Institutional capacity may have been a barrier in some contexts, with evidence suggesting some DFM programmes were unable to carry out their mandates. Evidence also suggests democratically accountable DFM institutions may result in larger conservation.
The authors of this systematic review assess the effects of gender-specific and transformative interventions on women’s empowerment and gender equality in fragile and conflict-affected states and their contribution to building peaceful and inclusive societies.
In this review, Sonnenfeld and colleagues synthesise evidence on programmes that promote intergroup social cohesion as a means of supporting sustainable peace in fragile communities in low- and middle-income countries.
In this review, Moore and colleagues synthesise available evidence on the effectiveness of electricity interventions on socio-economic outcomes for households, firms and communities in low- and middle- income countries.
This review by Snilsveit and colleagues examines evidence from 18 economic incentives-based payment for environmental services programmes to understand the effectiveness on environmental and socio-economic outcomes.