Environment

Our environment programme supports policy-relevant studies that contribute towards achieving the sustainable development goals (SDGs) by 2030. This programme seeks to answer questions related to water resources, marine ecosystems, conservation schemes, air pollution, climate change adaption and mitigation and the effect of social interventions in environmental contexts. Studies in this programme are spread across Bangladesh, India, Bolivia and Cambodia. 

ADB

3ie supports the generation of various types of policy-relevant and useful evidence on how to achieve environmental environment sustainability and support populations to be resilient to the impacts of climate change that cannot be avoided.

Under 3ie’s Development Priorities Evidence Programme, 3ie is funding evaluations of a range of environment interventions in Bangladesh, Bolivia, Cambodia and India. These evaluations focus on air pollution policies, payment for ecosystem services, agricultural practices to conserve water and access to safe drinking water sources. 

We have developed various evidence gap maps of existing evidence on forest conservation programmes as well as a gap map on the impact of land use change and forestry programmes on greenhouse gas emissions and on food security. 

3ie has also supported systematic reviews where high-quality synthesised evidence is scarce, such as the impact of decentralised forest management on environmental and welfare outcomes.

For more information, please write to info@3ieimpact.org. To receive alerts about call for proposals, please sign up here.

Related content

Cash for carbon: a randomised controlled trial of payments for ecosystem services to reduce deforestation

Impact evaluation 3ie 2019

Publication type: 3ie final grantee report
Author: Seema Jayachandran, Joost de Laat, Eric Lambin, Charlotte Stanton
Sector: Environment and Disaster Management, Natural Resource Management

A Rapid Assessment Randomized-Controlled Trial of Improved Cook Stoves in the Tumu Region of Ghana

Impact evaluation 3ie 2012

Publication type: 3ie series report
Author: Jason Burwen, David I. Levine
Sector: Agriculture and Rural Development, Environment and Disaster Management, Health Nutrition and Population, Pollution Control/ Waste Management, Preventive Health and Health Behavior

Mapping what we know about the effects of agriculture, land-use change and forestry programmes

Evidence gap map Brief 3ie 2017
The ways in which people manage agricultural and forest lands are critical for climate change mitigation, global food security and achieving the sustainable development goals. 3ie’s evidence gap map takes stock of the existing evidence on the effects of interventions in the agriculture, land use and forestry sectors.

Examining the evidence base for forest conservation interventions

Evidence gap map 3ie 2016

This evidence gap map examines the high-quality evidence available in the area of forest conservation in low-and middle-income countries.

Land-use change and forestry programmes: evidence on the effects on greenhouse gas emissions and food security

Evidence gap map 3ie 2016

This report presents the findings of an evidence gap map that assesses the evidence available on the effects of land-use change and forestry programmes on greenhouse gas emissions and human welfare

Truth telling by third-party audits and the response of polluting firms: Experimental evidence from India

Impact evaluation 3ie 2013
How accurate and credible is an environmental audit if the auditor is chosen and paid for by the firm being audited? In this 3ie-supported impact evaluation report, Esther Duflo, Michael Greenstone, Rohini Pande and Nicholas Ryan provide a clear answer. Their impact evaluation of an environmental audit scheme in Gujarat shows such an arrangement encourages corruption and misreporting of industrial plant emissions. Independent audits on the other hand produce more accurate reports and prompt firms to curtail pollution.

Impacts of increasing community resilience through humanitarian aid in Pakistan

Impact evaluation 3ie 2019
In this impact evaluation report, authors evaluated a humanitarian aid package aimed at building resilience of local communities and enhancing recovery and coping capacities.

A triple win? The impact of Tanzania’s Joint Forest Management programme on livelihoods, governance and forests

Impact evaluation 3ie 2016

This study by Persha and Meshack assesses the impact of Tanzania’s Joint Forest Management (JFM) programme on three sets of outcomes -- restoring forests, improving livelihoods and

Impacts of payments for ecosystem services programme in Mexico

Impact evaluation 3ie 2015

Policies for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) have been a crucial part of international climate change negotiations.

Truth telling by third-party audits and the response of polluting firms: Experimental evidence from India

Impact evaluation 3ie 2013
How accurate and credible is an environmental audit if the auditor is chosen and paid for by the firm being audited? In this 3ie-supported impact evaluation report, Esther Duflo, Michael Greenstone, Rohini Pande and Nicholas Ryan provide a clear answer. Their impact evaluation of an environmental audit scheme in Gujarat shows such an arrangement encourages corruption and misreporting of industrial plant emissions. Independent audits on the other hand produce more accurate reports and prompt firms to curtail pollution.

Indoor Air Pollution: There is no smoke without fire

Impact evaluation Brief 3ie 2009
Few rigorous impact evaluations are available. While assessments of the broad range of interventions find indoor air pollution is reduced, there is less evidence on how these affect health outcomes and which interventions are most cost-effective.

Incentives for climate mitigation in the land use sector – the effects of payment for environmental services (PES) on environmental and socio-economic outcomes in low- and middle-income countries: a mixed-method systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2019
This review by Snilsveit and colleagues examines evidence from 18 economic incentives-based payment for environmental services programmes to understand the effectiveness on environmental and socio-economic outcomes.

Payment for environmental services for reducing deforestation and poverty in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2015

The systematic review by Samii and colleagues examines the evidence on the effects of payment for environmental services (PES) on deforestation and poverty outcomes.

Decentralised forest management for reducing deforestation and poverty in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2015

This systematic review by Samii and colleagues examines the evidence on the effects of decentralised forest management (DFM) interventions on deforestation and poverty outcomes.

Forest Conservation gap map

Evidence gap map

This map presents existing evidence on forest conservation in L&MICs. Our clearest finding is that there a paucity of high-quality evidence in areas significant for policy, such as the effect of forest-related climate change policies, trade laws and management, or education and awareness campaigns on environmental and social outcomes in forests.

View report

Land use change and forestry evidence gap map

Evidence gap map

This map presents the evidence available on the effects of land-use change and forestry programmes on greenhouse gas emissions and human welfare outcomes. Our clearest finding is that there is a major gap in the evidence addressing effects on both emissions and human welfare outcomes, including food security. Moreover, few studies measured greenhouse gas emissions or food security directly.

View brief | View report

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