Water, sanitation and hygiene

3ie’s has two major evidence programmes that support the generation and use of high-quality evidence for informing decision-making in the water, sanitation and hygiene sector.

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Related content

The evaluation of a sanitation intervention on sanitation-related emotional and psychological well-being among women and girls in Bihar

Impact evaluation 3ie 2019

Publication type: 3ie final grantee report
Author: Kathleen O'Reilly, Sneha Bhat, Seema Kulkarni, Abhineety Goel, Elise Grover, Namratha Rao, Oliver Cumming, Robert Dreibelbis
Sector: Water and Sanitation

Handwash

Water, sanitation and hygiene evidence gap map

Evidence gap map

This newly updated map facilitates access to high-quality evidence on the effectiveness of water, sanitation and hygiene promotion for households, communities, school and health facilities in L&MICs. It includes published and unpublished systematic reviews and impact evaluations up to April 2018.

View brief | View video

EGM10

Mapping the evidence on WASH promotion in communities, schools and health facilities

Evidence gap map 3ie 2018
3ie’s WASH evidence gap map provides an assessment of the evidence base for behaviour change, health and socio-economic outcomes resulting from WASH promotional approaches in households, schools, health facilities and communities.

SR18 life-cycle WASH

Using a life-cycle approach to target WASH policies and programmes in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa

Systematic review 3ie 2018
The brief summarises a systematic review on the effectiveness of two approaches to targeting populations in programmes and policies to reduce barriers to accessing WASH services and strategies during the MDGs.

Evaluating advocacy: an exploration of evidence and tools to understand what works and why

Evaluating advocacy: an exploration of evidence and tools to understand what works and why

Working paper 3ie 2017

This working paper adds to the growing study and practice of advocacy evaluation by examining the challenges associated with evaluating advocacy initiatives.

Incorporating the life cycle approach into WASH policies and programmes: A systematic review

Incorporating the life cycle approach into WASH policies and programmes: A systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2017

This systematic review assesses the extent to which WASH policies, programmes and projects in eleven priority countries have been inclusive of different population segments during the Millennium De

3ie Impact Evaluation Report 38

Effectiveness of a rural sanitation programme on diarrhoea, soil-transmitted helminth infection and malnutrition in India

Impact evaluation 3ie 2016
This report is based on a cluster-randomised evaluation conducted in 100 villages of Odisha to test the effectiveness of a rural sanitation intervention that was part of the India’s Total Sanitation Campaign.

IEb20

What works in expanding the use of chlorine dispensers to purify water? Impact evidence from Kenya

Impact evaluation 3ie 2015
According to the World Health Organization, diarrhoeal disease is the second leading cause of death among children under the age of five.

IEb18

Can disgust and shame lead to cleaner water and more handwashing? Impact evidence from Bangladesh

Impact evaluation 3ie 2015
Improvements in water quality, sanitation and hygiene are associated with a reduction in risk of diarrhoea. However, treating water and regular handwashing with soap are not common practices in several low- and middle-income countries, including Bangladesh.

IEb19

Does building more toilets stop the spread of disease? Impact evidence from India

Impact evaluation 3ie 2015
Over one-third of the 2.5 billion people worldwide who do not have access to improved sanitation live in India. Nearly 69 per cent of the population practise open defecation. Typically, the government of India’s national sanitation schemes have focused on building more latrines for reducing open defecation, health-related illness and child malnutrition.

IEb6

Water to save lives

Impact evaluation 3ie 2009
Contaminated water is bad for health, resulting in thousands of premature deaths around the world each year. There is strong evidence that household water treatment has the biggest impact and is the most costeffective method in reducing risks of diarrhoea.

Running water, working toilets and safe hygiene practices

Running water, working toilets and safe hygiene practices

Impact evaluation 3ie 2009
The world is falling behind its targets to improve people’s access to sanitation, with major health costs. There is strong evidence that both sanitation and hygiene interventions are highly effective in reducing risks of diarrhoea, however public health promotion appears more cost-effective.

Promoting handwashing and sanitation behaviour change in low- and middle-income countries A mixed-method systematic review

Promoting handwashing and sanitation behaviour change in low- and middle-income countries: A mixed-method systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2017
Authors of this review shows which WASH promotional approaches are effective and which implementation factors affect the success or failure of such interventions

Incorporating the life cycle approach into WASH policies and programmes: A systematic review

Incorporating the life cycle approach into WASH policies and programmes: A systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2017

This systematic review assesses the extent to which WASH policies, programmes and projects in eleven priority countries have been inclusive of different population segments during the Millennium De

Short-term WASH interventions in emergency response: a systematic review

Short-term WASH interventions in emergency response: a systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2017

This is a systematic review that synthesised evidence on water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions implemented in the first 12 months of an emergency response.

SR18 life-cycle WASH

Using a life-cycle approach to target WASH policies and programmes in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa

Systematic review 3ie 2018
The brief summarises a systematic review on the effectiveness of two approaches to targeting populations in programmes and policies to reduce barriers to accessing WASH services and strategies during the MDGs.

SR b15

Handwashing and sanitation behaviour change in WASH interventions

Systematic review 3ie 2017
This brief is based on a systematic review examining which promotional approaches are effective in changing handwashing and sanitation behaviour, and which implementation factors affect the success or failure of such interventions.

SR b13

What factors impact the effectiveness of emergency WASH interventions?

Systematic review 3ie 2016
This brief is based on a systematic review that synthesised evidence on WASH interventions implemented in the first 12 months of an emergency response.

Handwash

Water, sanitation and hygiene evidence gap map

Evidence gap map

This newly updated map facilitates access to high-quality evidence on the effectiveness of water, sanitation and hygiene promotion for households, communities, school and health facilities in L&MICs. It includes published and unpublished systematic reviews and impact evaluations up to April 2018.

View brief | View video

There are no replication studies