Water, sanitation and hygiene

imal-hashemi_world-bank

3ie’s has two major evidence programmes that support the generation and use of high-quality evidence for informing decision-making in the water, sanitation and hygiene sector (WASH).

To know more about how we are contributing to the WASH sector, download our brochure here.

For more information, please write to info@3ieimpact.org. To receive alerts about call for proposals, please sign up here.

Related content

Promoting handwashing and sanitation behaviour change in low- and middle-income countries: A mixed-method systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2017
Authors of this review shows which WASH promotional approaches are effective and which implementation factors affect the success or failure of such interventions

Incorporating the life-cycle approach into WASH policies and programmes: A systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2017
This systematic review assesses the extent to which WASH policies, programmes and projects in eleven priority countries have been inclusive of different population segments during the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) period.

Short-term WASH interventions in emergency response: a systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2017

This is a systematic review that synthesised evidence on water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions implemented in the first 12 months of an emergency response.

Short-term WASH interventions in emergency responses in low- and middle-income countries

Systematic review summary 3ie 2017

This is a summary report of a full systematic review that synthesised evidence on water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions implemented in the first 12 months of an emergency response.

What factors impact the effectiveness of emergency WASH interventions?

Systematic review Brief 3ie 2016
This brief is based on a systematic review that synthesised evidence on WASH interventions implemented in the first 12 months of an emergency response.

Identification and measurement of health-related spillovers in impact evaluations

Systematic review summary 3ie 2016
This systematic review summary by Benjamin-Chung and colleagues tries to identify mechanisms that trigger spillover through geographic or social proximity, learning or imitation, norm-shaping, income and substitute effects, general equilibrium effects and relative deprivation.

Community toilet use in Indian slums: willingness-to-pay and the role of informational and supply side constraints

Impact evaluation 3ie 2020
Authors of this impact evaluation report examine if community toilet related supply-side improvements and information campaigns can have an impact on the users’ willingness to pay and the overall quality and usage of these community toilets in the cities of Lucknow and Kanpur in India.

The 5 Star Toilet Campaign: improving toilet use in rural Gujarat

Impact evaluation 3ie 2020
This impact evaluation evaluated the effect of the 5 Star Toilet Campaign on toilet use in rural Gujarat. The Campaign was launched to address the complex determinants of low toilet use and improve use among all members of households having access to government or contractor-built toilets in selected villages of Bhavnagar, Gujarat.

Effectiveness of a rural sanitation programme on diarrhoea, soil-transmitted helminth infection and malnutrition in India

Impact evaluation 3ie 2016
This report is based on a cluster-randomised evaluation conducted in 100 villages of Odisha to test the effectiveness of a rural sanitation intervention that was part of the India’s Total Sanitation Campaign.

What works in expanding the use of chlorine dispensers to purify water? Impact evidence from Kenya

Impact evaluation Brief 3ie 2015
According to the World Health Organization, diarrhoeal disease is the second leading cause of death among children under the age of five.

Can disgust and shame lead to cleaner water and more handwashing? Impact evidence from Bangladesh

Impact evaluation Brief 3ie 2015
Improvements in water quality, sanitation and hygiene are associated with a reduction in risk of diarrhoea. However, treating water and regular handwashing with soap are not common practices in several low- and middle-income countries, including Bangladesh.

Does building more toilets stop the spread of disease? Impact evidence from India

Impact evaluation Brief 3ie 2015
Over one-third of the 2.5 billion people worldwide who do not have access to improved sanitation live in India. Nearly 69 per cent of the population practise open defecation. Typically, the government of India’s national sanitation schemes have focused on building more latrines for reducing open defecation, health-related illness and child malnutrition.

Promoting handwashing and sanitation behaviour change in low- and middle-income countries: A mixed-method systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2017
Authors of this review shows which WASH promotional approaches are effective and which implementation factors affect the success or failure of such interventions

Incorporating the life-cycle approach into WASH policies and programmes: A systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2017
This systematic review assesses the extent to which WASH policies, programmes and projects in eleven priority countries have been inclusive of different population segments during the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) period.

Short-term WASH interventions in emergency response: a systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2017

This is a systematic review that synthesised evidence on water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions implemented in the first 12 months of an emergency response.

Using a life-cycle approach to target WASH policies and programmes in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa

Systematic review Brief 3ie 2018
The brief summarises a systematic review on the effectiveness of two approaches to targeting populations in programmes and policies to reduce barriers to accessing WASH services and strategies during the MDGs.

Handwashing and sanitation behaviour change in WASH interventions

Systematic review Brief 3ie 2017
This brief is based on a systematic review examining which promotional approaches are effective in changing handwashing and sanitation behaviour, and which implementation factors affect the success or failure of such interventions.

What factors impact the effectiveness of emergency WASH interventions?

Systematic review Brief 3ie 2016
This brief is based on a systematic review that synthesised evidence on WASH interventions implemented in the first 12 months of an emergency response.

Water, sanitation and hygiene evidence gap map

Evidence gap map

This newly updated map facilitates access to high-quality evidence on the effectiveness of water, sanitation and hygiene promotion for households, communities, school and health facilities in L&MICs. It includes published and unpublished systematic reviews and impact evaluations up to April 2018.

There are no replication studies