This systematic review assesses the extent to which WASH policies, programmes and projects in eleven priority countries have been inclusive of different population segments during the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) period. It examines whether life cycle segments (LCS), such as sex, age, gender and disability, and geographic and social segments (GSS), such as urban or rural location or socioeconomic status have been reflected in WASH policies, programmes and projects. The authors find they have increasingly identified LCS and GSS population segments. GSS were more likely to be identified than LCS. A robustness index shows that the identification of barriers, strategies and benefits was more comprehensive for GSS than for LCS. Overall, the evidence showed that policy goals are not always being incorporated into programmes and projects.
The authors of this systematic review assess the effects of gender-specific and transformative interventions on women’s empowerment and gender equality in fragile and conflict-affected states and their contribution to building peaceful and inclusive societies.
In this review, Sonnenfeld and colleagues synthesise evidence on programmes that promote intergroup social cohesion as a means of supporting sustainable peace in fragile communities in low- and middle-income countries.
In this review, Moore and colleagues synthesise available evidence on the effectiveness of electricity interventions on socio-economic outcomes for households, firms and communities in low- and middle- income countries.
This review by Snilsveit and colleagues examines evidence from 18 economic incentives-based payment for environmental services programmes to understand the effectiveness on environmental and socio-economic outcomes.