Short-term WASH interventions in emergency responses in low- and middle-income countries

Short-term WASH interventions in emergency responses in low- and middle-income countries

3ie Systematic review summary 8

Travis Yates, Jelena Allen, Myriam Leandre Joseph and Daniele Lantagne

This is a summary report of a full systematic review that synthesised evidence on water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions implemented in the first 12 months of an emergency response. Evidence that WASH interventions reduce disease risk was limited, although reduced transmission risk through the use of chlorine in water was documented most often. There was clear evidence against pumping wells flooded with seawater. The review assessed how community perceptions and preferences affected the success of these interventions. Key factors included the taste and smell of water treatments, a preference for radio and face-to-face communication and ease of use. Five programme design and implementation characteristics were identified in the review as being associated with more effective programmes. They included timing, experienced staff, communication, community-driven engagement and linking development programmes to emergency responses.

SRS10

Promoting handwashing and sanitation behaviour change in low-and middle-income countries

Systematic review summary 3ie 2017
This report summarises a systematic review that examines which promotional approaches are effective in changing handwashing and sanitation behaviour and which implementation factors affect the success or failure of such interventions.

What factors affect sustained adoption of safe water, hygiene and sanitation technologies?

What factors affect sustained adoption of safe water, hygiene and sanitation technologies?

Systematic review summary 3ie 2015
Safe water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) behaviours, such as treating drinking water, washing hands at key times or using a latrine rather than defecating in open spaces, are cornerstones of building strong, healthy communities and reducing mortality due to diarrhoea and other preventable diseases. Many studies have shown the health benefits of WASH, and factors that affect initial adoption of short-term WASH use. Few have assessed the determinants of long-term, sustained WASH practice.

Identification and measurement of health-related spillovers in impact evaluations

Identification and measurement of health-related spillovers in impact evaluations

Systematic review summary 3ie 2016

This systematic review summary by Benjamin-Chung et al.

Community-based rehabilitation for people with disabilities

Community-based rehabilitation for people with disabilities

Systematic review summary 3ie 2016

This report by Iemmi et al.

Supplementary feeding for improving the health of disadvantaged infants and children: what works and why?

Supplementary feeding for improving the health of disadvantaged infants and children: what works and why?

Systematic review summary 3ie 2016
This report – a summary of a systematic review and a realist review – by Kristjansson et al. examines the evidence on whether supplementary feeding can improve the health of infants and children between three months and five years of age.