Women’s social and economic inclusion and empowerment in India evidence programme
India has one of the lowest female labour force participation rates in South Asia. Among rural women, less than 30 per cent are engaged in productive work, paid or unpaid. The government has launched several programmes and initiatives, such as the National Rural Livelihoods Mission, to support women’s enterprises and enhance their livelihoods. 3ie’s evidence programme will support the generation of rigorous evidence on the impact of women’s collectives on social and economic inclusion and empowerment.
3ie will support the implementation of pilot and at-scale projects that use a group-based model for promoting women-led businesses, including farm, non-farm and service enterprises. We will also fund and publish impact evaluations that assess the effectiveness of these projects.
The findings and lessons from the projects’ implementation and their evaluations will also be synthesised and published. The evaluation findings will inform an ongoing 3ie systematic review on group-based livelihood programmes.
3ie is currently undertaking a scoping exercise to identify relevant evidence gaps that will inform the overall scope of this evidence programme. Once completed, 3ie will issue a call inviting applications to support the implementation of the interventions and their impact evaluations.
3ie has received a grant for this programme from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.