Journal of Development Effectiveness

The Journal of Development Effectiveness publishes papers reporting evidence of impact of development interventions.

The journal does not subscribe to any one approach to impact evaluation, but requires that the techniques employed be rigorously applied, with a preference for studies which have been well contextualized with an appropriate use of mixed methods.

It also publishes papers of a more conceptual nature related to impact evaluation, as well as papers covering practical aspects of conducting impact studies. The journal has an explicit policy of ‘learning from our mistakes’, discouraging publication bias in favour of positive results – papers reporting interventions with no, or a negative, impact are welcome.

Call for submission

The journal welcomes submissions of scholarly works on the generation and use of evidence on the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of programs and policies that are meant to improve the lives of people in low and middle income countries. This includes, among other contributions, impact evaluations, systematic reviews, evidence gap maps and methodological papers that address attribution through a variety of techniques, including experimental, quasi-experimental and mixed-method approaches. Papers that help users of evidence learn from null results are also welcome. We also encourage papers that help further the understanding of what it takes to ensure use of evidence to inform decision-making.

Submission guidance and instructions for authors

Managing editors

Emmanuel Jimenez, an economist, is Senior Fellow (and former Executive Director from 2015-2020) of the International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie) and editor of the Journal of Development Effectivness. Previously, he served in a number of research and operational positions at the World Bank Group for 30 years, including as director of the Bank’s programs in human development in its Asia regions (2000-2012) and director of public sector evaluations for its Independent Evaluation Group (2012-2014). Before joining the Bank, he taught at the University of Western Ontario in London, Canada. He received his Ph.D. from Brown University and has published extensively in economic development.


Marie Gaarder is the executive director of 3ie, leading the organisation’s efforts to improve lives in low- and middle-income countries by supporting the generation and effective use of high-quality and relevant evidence to inform decision-making. Marie has over 20 years of experience managing operational and research projects with a development focus. In her previous role in 3ie, as director for evaluation and global director for innovation and country engagement, Marie provided strategic direction and guidance to 3ie’s work in evaluation and synthesis. Prior to joining 3ie, she was a manager in the World Bank’s Independent Evaluation Group, overseeing thematic, sector, corporate and project evaluations. She has also worked as the director of the evaluation department at the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation, where she was in charge of independent evaluation of programmes and activities financed over the Norwegian aid budget. Prior positions include being the deputy executive director of 3ie during the institution’s start-up years, and a senior social development economist at the Inter-American Development Bank, specialising in social protection and health programs in Central America. Marie has published extensively, including on evaluation of cash transfer programs, evaluation in fragile and conflict-affected states, and how to increase the accountability for evidence use and for outcomes among development agencies and governments. A list of publications and reports is available below.


Elizabeth M. King is Non-resident Senior Fellow of the Brookings Institution, Managing Editor of the Journal of Development Effectiveness, and Adjunct Professor of Georgetown University’s Graduate School of International Studies. She’s also on the board of the International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie), Room to Read, and Education Commission-Asia; technical adviser to Echidna Giving, the World Bank’s Africa Gender Innovation Lab, and the Office of Population Studies (Philippines); and member of the judging panel of the Yidan Prize Foundation. She was the World Bank's senior spokesperson and professional head for global policy and strategic issues related to education and human development, and acting vice-president for human development sectors. She has published journal articles, book chapters and books on topics related to human capital, labor market outcomes, the care economy, and gender issues in development. She engaged in operations and advisory work on economic and education issues in several developing countries She received her Ph.D. in Economics from Yale University.


Peter Orazem has been on the faculty at Iowa State University since 1982 and currently serves as University Professor of Economics and Director of the Program for the Study of Midwest Markets and Entrepreneurship. He is a 1977 graduate in economics at the University of Kansas and received his Ph.D. in economics from Yale University in 1983. He is a past member of the Ames City Council, the Ames Convention and Visitors Bureau and the Ames Economic Development Commission. In 2018, he served as a Fulbright Fellow at the Univerza na Primorskem in Slovenia. His research deals with labor markets in the United States and in developing countries with a particular interest in human capital, regional economic development, and entrepreneurship. He is coauthor of chapters in the Handbook of Development Economics and the Handbook of Agricultural Economics. He served as a member of the core team for the World Bank’s 2007 World Development Report and wrote papers for the 2008, 2012 and post2015 editions of the Copenhagen Consensus. He is coeditor of a book, Child Labor and Education in Latin America published by Palgrave Macmillan in 2009. His research has appeared in the American Economic Review, the Journal of Political Economy, The Review of Economics and Statistics, the Journal of Finance, the International Economic Review, and numerous other outlets.


Hugh Sharma Waddington is Assistant Professor at London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and London International Development Centre. He specialises in policy-relevant impact evaluation and evidence synthesis on topics like water, sanitation and hygiene, governance, cash transfers and smallholder agriculture, and has an interest in supporting capacity sharing in international development. He set up 3ie's Systematic Reviews Programme and London Office and before that was employed at the Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning of the Government of Rwanda, the World Bank, the UK National Audit Office, and the Poverty Research Unit at Sussex University. He holds advanced degrees in development economics and environmental health.