Biometric Smartcards and payment disbursement: a replication study of a state capacity-building experiment in India

Biometric Smartcards and payment disbursement: a replication study of a state capacity-building experiment in India

3ie Replication paper 23, 2019

Akinwande Atanda

The National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme and Social Security Pension are two of the largest employment programmes in Andhra Pradesh. Muralidharan and colleagues (2016) investigated the impacts of biometrically-authenticated payment infrastructure (Smartcards) on beneficiaries of the two employment programmes. Using a large-scale randomised experiment, the original study finds that Smartcards decrease the time lag for recipients to receive funds, reduce leakages of benefits (i.e. corruption) and increase enrolment rates in the two programmes.

The replication authors provide additional analysis on the potential returns from government investment in technological infrastructure to improve public service delivery, effectively disburse payments and achieve better welfare outcomes. They used push-button and pure replications that reproduced results without modifying the data, models and codes provided by the original authors. The replication researchers performed additional robustness checks in their measurement and estimation analysis. They also explored additional hypotheses in their theory of change to identify moderating factors that contribute to the heterogeneous effects of biometric Smartcards in India. Overall, the replication study confirmed that the gains from state capacity investment are worthwhile for policymakers’ consideration.

RPS22

Risk sharing and transaction costs: a replication study of evidence from Kenya’s mobile money revolution

Replication paper 3ie 2019
This replication study starts with the twin strategies of push-button and pure replications of the original study. It then followed this up with various consistency and robustness checks, such as propensity score matching and the Tobit model specification.

Cash and change: a replication study of a cash transfer experiment in Malawi

Cash and change: a replication study of a cash transfer experiment in Malawi

Replication paper 3ie 2019
Maira Reimão conducted a replication of a 2011 study, Cash or condition? Evidence from a cash transfer experiment, by Baird and colleagues, which is one of the few studies that empirically compares the impact of unconditional cash transfers to that of conditional cash transfers.

Impact of unconditional cash transfers: a replication study of the short-term effects in Kenya

Impact of unconditional cash transfers: a replication study of the short-term effects in Kenya

Replication paper 3ie 2019

Wang and colleagues replicate the results of a randomized evaluation carried out by Haushofer and Shapiro in 2016.

3ie Replication paper 18

Savings revisited: a replication study of a savings intervention in Malawi

Replication paper 3ie 2018

Jesper Stage and Tharshini Thangavelu replicate the results of a randomized evaluation carried out by Lasse Brune and colleagues in 2016 in Malawi.

RPS19

Mobile money and its impact on improving living conditions in Niger: a replication study

Replication paper 3ie

Edmundo Beteta and colleagues replicate the results of a randomized evaluation carried out by Aker and colleagues in 2016 in Niger.