The effects of land titling on the urban poor: a replication of property rights for the poor

The effects of land titling on the urban poor: a replication of property rights for the poor

3ie Replication paper 9

Drew B. Cameron, Edward M. Whitney and Paul C. Winters

In this replication study, Drew B. Cameron, Edward M. Whitney, and Paul C. Winters seek to replicate the results of an influential 2010 study, Property rights for the poor: Effects of land titling by Sebastian Galiani and Ernesto Schargrodsky. The original study evaluated the impact of land titling on poverty reduction through a natural experiment where the government in Buenos Aires, Argentina awarded land titles to squatters living in a poor, urban area. The original authors found that titling substantially increased housing investment. Further, they found that land titling instigated a number of social impacts through a slow channel of increased physical and human capital investment rather than expanded land collateralisation, as commonly assumed.

In the pure replication, the replication researchers reproduced the original author’s statistical procedures. The robustness of these original results help confirm the importance of the original study. Due to the unavailability of the original questionnaires and the raw data, the replication researchers were unable to perform some of their planned robustness checks of the original research. However, in their additional analyses, the replication researchers expanded on the original theory of change. The replication study suggest broader possible effects and recommends pathways to the effects of property right allocation for future research.

Read an interview with Paul Winters, co-author of this study, who talks about replication research.

Biometric Smartcards and payment disbursement: a replication study of a state capacity-building experiment in India

Biometric Smartcards and payment disbursement: a replication study of a state capacity-building experiment in India

Replication paper 3ie 2019
The National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme and Social Security Pension are two of the largest employment programmes in Andhra Pradesh. Muralidharan and colleagues (2016) investigated the impacts of biometrically-authenticated payment infrastructure (Smartcards) on beneficiaries of the two employment programmes.

Risk sharing and transaction costs: a replication study of evidence from Kenya’s mobile money revolution

Risk sharing and transaction costs: a replication study of evidence from Kenya’s mobile money revolution

Replication paper 3ie 2019
This replication study starts with the twin strategies of push-button and pure replications of the original study. It then followed this up with various consistency and robustness checks, such as propensity score matching and the Tobit model specification.

Cash and change: a replication study of a cash transfer experiment in Malawi

Cash and change: a replication study of a cash transfer experiment in Malawi

Replication paper 3ie 2019
Maira Reimão conducted a replication of a 2011 study, Cash or condition? Evidence from a cash transfer experiment, by Baird and colleagues, which is one of the few studies that empirically compares the impact of unconditional cash transfers to that of conditional cash transfers.

Impact of unconditional cash transfers: a replication study of the short-term effects in Kenya

Impact of unconditional cash transfers: a replication study of the short-term effects in Kenya

Replication paper 3ie 2019

Wang and colleagues replicate the results of a randomized evaluation carried out by Haushofer and Shapiro in 2016.

3ie Replication paper 18

Savings revisited: a replication study of a savings intervention in Malawi

Replication paper 3ie 2018

Jesper Stage and Tharshini Thangavelu replicate the results of a randomized evaluation carried out by Lasse Brune and colleagues in 2016 in Malawi.