SR41

Agricultural input subsidies for improving productivity, farm income, consumer welfare and wider growth in low- and middle-income countries A systematic review

3ie Systematic Review 41

David J Hemming, Ephraim W Chirwa, Holly J Ruffhead, Rachel Hill, Janice Osborn, Laurenz Langer, Luke Harman, Chris Coffey, Andrew Dorward and Daniel Phillips

This systematic review by Hemming and colleagues examined the effectiveness of agricultural input subsidies. They found that input subsidies improve adoption of inputs, yields and farm income, as well as lead to changes in staple food prices, labour demand, agricultural wages, and GDP. The review indicates the importance of programme implementation and wider contextual factors. The authors conclude there are generally positive effects of input subsidies, but there is limited evidence on poverty effects or evidence outside of Sub-Saharan Africa.

Incentives for climate mitigation in the land use sector – the effects of payment for environmental services (PES) on environmental and socio-economic outcomes in low- and middle-income countries: a mixed-method systematic review

Incentives for climate mitigation in the land use sector – the effects of payment for environmental services (PES) on environmental and socio-economic outcomes in low- and middle-income countries: a mixed-method systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2019
This review by Snilsveit and colleagues examines evidence from 18 economic incentives-based payment for environmental services programmes to understand the effectiveness on environmental and socio-economic outcomes.

SR-43-PITA

Does incorporating participation and accountability improve development outcomes? Meta-analysis and framework synthesis

Systematic review 3ie 2019
This systematic review by Waddington, Sonnenfeld and colleagues examined high-quality evidence from 35 citizen engagement programmes in low- and middle-income countries.

Impact of financial inclusion in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review of reviews

Impact of financial inclusion in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review of reviews

Systematic review 3ie 2019
This systematic review by Duvendack and Mader assessed the evidence on economic, social, behavioural and gender-related outcomes from financial inclusion interventions.

SR40

Vocational and business training to improve women’s labour market outcomes in low- and middle-income countries

Systematic review 3ie 2018

This systematic review by Chinen and colleagues examined the effects on employment, income, sales, and profits.

Systematic review 12

Services for street-connected children and young people in low- and middle-income countries: a thematic synthesis

Systematic review 3ie 2014

This systematic review by Coren and colleagues examines the effect of interventions that promote reintegration and reduce harmful behaviour among street-connected children and young people (SCCYP).