Impact evaluations and implementation research produce different types of necessary information for evidence-informed action. While impact evaluations measure the attributable effects of an intervention, implementation research examines how the intervention is being implemented in different contexts, which can inform analysis of program effects and is needed to inform scale up of the intervention. The authors present three case studies in which researchers and implementers integrated implementation research and impact evaluation. They highlight what worked or what was missed and provide practical recommendations for integrating these approaches to improve evaluation evidence, which can be applied in other sectors.
This paper presents a unifying framework for understanding the impact of India’s National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) on livelihoods and social outcomes. It derives key insight from the literature on economic growth. This paper is part of our ongoing Rural India Livelihoods Program supported by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
The authors of this report present findings of a rapid evidence assessment on the effects of democracy and freedom interventions in democratic backsliding contexts. This report was commissioned by the United Kingdom’s Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO).
This paper summarizes the findings of a learning study on the processes and lessons from recent efforts of the Odisha, Tamil Nadu and Telangana governments to improve sanitation services and provide employment opportunities to urban collectives through fecal sludge management, and operation and maintenance of community and public toilets.