Prior to joining 3ie, Francis was a research specialist with the UK Department for International Development's (DFID), where he supported DFID's private sector engagement in South Asia. He was also a senior fellow at the Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER).
Francis holds a PhD in law and economics from the University of Hyderabad, India. He was also a visiting scholar at the Institute for Law and Economics, University of Hamburg, Germany from 2006-08. He has over nine years of experience in impact evaluation and development research. His research interests include legal, regulatory and institutional aspects of economic development. He has published two monographs, and several journal articles and book chapters.