Fighting corruption does improve schooling: a replication study of a newspaper campaign in Uganda

Fighting corruption does improve schooling: a replication study of a newspaper campaign in Uganda

3ie Replication Paper 10

Maria Kuecken and Marie-Anne Valfort

Supply chain inefficiencies can hinder public service delivery. Resource capture via corruption is one such leakage. In this paper, Maria Kuecken  and Marie-Anne Valfort conduct an internal replication of Fighting Corruption to Improve Schooling: evidence from a Newspaper Campaign in Uganda by Reinikka and Svensson (2005). In the mid-1990s, only 20 cents on the dollar of capitation grants allocated for primary education actually reached schools in Uganda. Reinikka and Svensson (2005) show that bottom-up governance reforms improved head teachers' awareness of the grant programme and substantially reduced grant capture. This replication study examines the robustness of Reinikka and Svensson's two primary contributions: how an anti-corruption newspaper campaign improved the receipt of capitation grants and how this additional funding may have contributed to subsequent increases in enrolment.

In the pure replication, Kuecken and Valfort confirm that the newspaper campaign reduced the capture of capitation grants and improved enrolment. The measurement and estimation analysis examine the robustness of these findings to alternative methods of measuring enrolment. The replication researchers find that the intervention influenced enrolments only when they use a more accurate enrolment measure introduced by Reinikka and Svensson (2011). The replication researchers also identified differences from the original paper in the relationship between capture due to the newspaper campaign and improved learning outcomes. Finally, Kuecken and Valfort demonstrate suggestive evidence that the newspaper campaign generated a fairer distribution of teachers across rural and urban schools.

Biometric Smartcards and payment disbursement: a replication study of a state capacity-building experiment in India

Biometric Smartcards and payment disbursement: a replication study of a state capacity-building experiment in India

Replication paper 3ie 2019
The National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme and Social Security Pension are two of the largest employment programmes in Andhra Pradesh. Muralidharan and colleagues (2016) investigated the impacts of biometrically-authenticated payment infrastructure (Smartcards) on beneficiaries of the two employment programmes.

Risk sharing and transaction costs: a replication study of evidence from Kenya’s mobile money revolution

Risk sharing and transaction costs: a replication study of evidence from Kenya’s mobile money revolution

Replication paper 3ie 2019
This replication study starts with the twin strategies of push-button and pure replications of the original study. It then followed this up with various consistency and robustness checks, such as propensity score matching and the Tobit model specification.

Cash and change: a replication study of a cash transfer experiment in Malawi

Cash and change: a replication study of a cash transfer experiment in Malawi

Replication paper 3ie 2019
Maira Reimão conducted a replication of a 2011 study, Cash or condition? Evidence from a cash transfer experiment, by Baird and colleagues, which is one of the few studies that empirically compares the impact of unconditional cash transfers to that of conditional cash transfers.

Impact of unconditional cash transfers: a replication study of the short-term effects in Kenya

Impact of unconditional cash transfers: a replication study of the short-term effects in Kenya

Replication paper 3ie 2019

Wang and colleagues replicate the results of a randomized evaluation carried out by Haushofer and Shapiro in 2016.

3ie Replication paper 18

Savings revisited: a replication study of a savings intervention in Malawi

Replication paper 3ie 2018

Jesper Stage and Tharshini Thangavelu replicate the results of a randomized evaluation carried out by Lasse Brune and colleagues in 2016 in Malawi.