Systematic review 38

The effectiveness of contract farming in improving smallholder income and food security in low- and middle-income countries: a mixed-method systematic review

Systematic review 38

Giel Ton, Sam Desiere, Wyste Vellema, Sophia Weituschat and Marijke D’Haese

This systematic review by Ton and colleagues examines the effectiveness of contract farming, a common means of sourcing farm produce from smallholder farmers in low- and middle-income countries. The review suggests that farm income improves substantially, as does household income, although to a lesser extent. However, the true effect of contract farming is lower, due to 'survivor bias' - that is, the only evidence available is from successfully completed contracts. Hence, more prospective studies are needed that examine the effects of contract farming interventions from inception onwards. Impact evaluations also need to collect data on food security outcomes, as these outcomes are presently available in only one study included in the review. 

Incentives for climate mitigation in the land use sector – the effects of payment for environmental services (PES) on environmental and socio-economic outcomes in low- and middle-income countries: a mixed-method systematic review

Incentives for climate mitigation in the land use sector – the effects of payment for environmental services (PES) on environmental and socio-economic outcomes in low- and middle-income countries: a mixed-method systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2019
This review by Snilsveit and colleagues examines evidence from 18 economic incentives-based payment for environmental services programmes to understand the effectiveness on environmental and socio-economic outcomes.

SR-43-PITA

Does incorporating participation and accountability improve development outcomes? Meta-analysis and framework synthesis

Systematic review 3ie 2019
This systematic review by Waddington, Sonnenfeld and colleagues examined high-quality evidence from 35 citizen engagement programmes in low- and middle-income countries.

Impact of financial inclusion in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review of reviews

Impact of financial inclusion in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review of reviews

Systematic review 3ie 2019
This systematic review by Duvendack and Mader assessed the evidence on economic, social, behavioural and gender-related outcomes from financial inclusion interventions.

SR40

Vocational and business training to improve women’s labour market outcomes in low- and middle-income countries

Systematic review 3ie 2018

This systematic review by Chinen and colleagues examined the effects on employment, income, sales, and profits.

SR41

Agricultural input subsidies for improving productivity, farm income, consumer welfare and wider growth in low- and middle-income countries A systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2018

This systematic review by Hemming and colleagues examined the effectiveness of agricultural input subsidies.