Agriculture

© Georgina Smith,CIAT

To help address gaps in the understanding of what works and what does not, we fund a variety of studies across this programme area, including interventions focused on insurance, extension, land-use and forestry, and innovation and technology.

For more information, please write to info@3ieimpact.org. To receive alerts about call for proposals, please sign up here.

Related content

Effects of certification schemes for agricultural production on socio-economic outcomes in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2017

Certification schemes set and monitor voluntary standards to make agricultural production socially sustainable and agricultural trade fairer for producers and workers.

Evidence-informed policy change: improved access to groundwater in West Bengal, India

Evidence use Brief 3ie 2017
The brief highlights how a number of factors contributed to why the findings of this impact evaluation resonated among policymakers, which in turn informed two changes to West Bengal’s groundwater access policies.

Assessing the impact of agricultural risk insurance programmes on smallholder farmers

Programme overview Brief 3ie 2017
This grant programme funds the generation of policy-relevant evidence on factors that affect successful uptake of agricultural insurance among smallholder farmers in low-and lower-middle income countries.

Recalling extra data: a replication study of Finding missing markets

Replication paper 3ie 2015
Benjamin DK Wood and Michell Dong conduct an internal replication of Finding Missing Markets (and a Disturbing Epilogue): Evidence From an Export Crop Adoption and Marketing Intervention In Kenya (2009).

The long and short of returns to public investments in fifteen Ethiopian villages

Replication paper 3ie 2015

This is a replication study by William H. Bowser of an impact evaluation by Stefan Dercon, Daniel O. Gilligan, John Hoddinott and Tassew Woldehanna.

Does agricultural certification improve well-being?

Systematic review Brief 3ie 2017
This brief is based on a systematic review that assesses the impact of agriculture certification schemes for improving socially sustainable and fairer production for smallholder farmers and workers.

Knowledge Heterogeneity: Experimental Evidence on Information Barriers to Oilseed Adoption in Uganda

Impact evaluation 3ie 2020 Publication type : 3ie grantee final report
Author : Mariapia Mendola, Harounan Kazianga, Jacopo Bonan, William Ekere
Sector : Agriculture fishing and forestry

Evaluating Agricultural Information Creation And Dissemination In Western Kenya

Impact evaluation 3ie 2017 Publication type : 3ie series report
Author : Raissa Fabregas, Michael Kremer, Jon Robinson, Frank Schilbach
Sector : Agriculture fishing and forestry

Uptake and evaluation of innovative insurance-embedded credit for promoting resilience and livelihoods for smallholder maize farmers in Kenya

Impact evaluation 3ie Publication type : 3ie-funded ongoing study
Author : Apurba Shee, Liangzhi You, Yanyan Liu, Simon Kimenju
Sector : Agriculture fishing and forestry

Improving food security through the introduction of new seed varieties: which modalities are most cost- effective in promoting use of new seed varieties?

Impact evaluation 3ie Publication type : 3ie-funded ongoing study
Author : Mercy Kamau, Dr Fred Bagamba, Dr Marrit Vandenberg, ,
Sector : Agriculture fishing and forestry

An impact assessment of EAMDA's banana initiative to increase technology adoption by smallholder farmers in Kenya

Impact evaluation 3ie Publication type : 3ie-funded ongoing study
Author : Shyamal Chowdhury, Jane Kabubo Mariara, Munshi Sulaiman, Uttam Sharma,
Sector : Agriculture fishing and forestry

Insuring farmers through credit: Linking smallholders to financial markets with bundled products in Kenya

Impact evaluation 3ie Publication type : 3ie-funded ongoing study
Author : Sarah Janzen, Nicholas Magnan, Conner Mullally, Karl Hughes, Judith Oduol,
Sector : Agriculture fishing and forestry

Impacts, maintenance and sustainability of irrigation in Rwanda

Impact evaluation 3ie 2020
Authors of this study highlight the impacts of five irrigation schemes in Rwanda that support cultivation during dry seasons and mitigate the effects of climate variability, on smallholder farmers’ welfare.

Impact of alternate wetting and drying on farm incomes and water savings in Bangladesh

Impact evaluation 3ie 2020
This impact evaluation highlights the impact of alternate wetting and drying, a water-saving technology used to reduce irrigation water consumption in rice fields, as compared to conventional flood irrigation on water savings and farm incomes in Bangladesh.

Capacity building of smallholder dairy farmers in Kenya through extension services and market linkages

Impact evaluation Brief 3ie 2019
This brief is based on the findings of an impact evaluation that examined the effects of the Smallholder Dairy Commercialization Programme in Kenya on farmers’ production, income and food security and on the empowerment of female dairy farmers.

Impact of voice reminders to reinforce harvest aggregation services training for farmers in Mali

Impact evaluation 3ie 2018

Authors evaluated the impact of mobile phone voice reminders for a pre- and post-harvest grain management training, on farmer behaviour and household income.

Impact evaluation of the Smallholder Dairy Commercialization Programme in Kenya

Impact evaluation 3ie 2018
This evaluation examines the impacts of the Smallholder Dairy Commercialization Programme, which as designed to enhance dairy farming productivity, reduce production costs and strengthen market linkages.

Impact evaluation of the Menabe and Melaky development programme in Madagascar

Impact evaluation 3ie 2018

This report examines the impact of a development programme in the Melaky and Menabe regions of Madagascar.

Knowledge Heterogeneity: Experimental Evidence on Information Barriers to Oilseed Adoption in Uganda

Impact evaluation 3ie 2020 Publication type : 3ie grantee final report
Author : Mariapia Mendola, Harounan Kazianga, Jacopo Bonan, William Ekere
Sector : Agriculture fishing and forestry

Evaluating Agricultural Information Creation And Dissemination In Western Kenya

Impact evaluation 3ie 2017 Publication type : 3ie series report
Author : Raissa Fabregas, Michael Kremer, Jon Robinson, Frank Schilbach
Sector : Agriculture fishing and forestry

Uptake and evaluation of innovative insurance-embedded credit for promoting resilience and livelihoods for smallholder maize farmers in Kenya

Impact evaluation 3ie Publication type : 3ie-funded ongoing study
Author : Apurba Shee, Liangzhi You, Yanyan Liu, Simon Kimenju
Sector : Agriculture fishing and forestry

Improving food security through the introduction of new seed varieties: which modalities are most cost- effective in promoting use of new seed varieties?

Impact evaluation 3ie Publication type : 3ie-funded ongoing study
Author : Mercy Kamau, Dr Fred Bagamba, Dr Marrit Vandenberg, ,
Sector : Agriculture fishing and forestry

An impact assessment of EAMDA's banana initiative to increase technology adoption by smallholder farmers in Kenya

Impact evaluation 3ie Publication type : 3ie-funded ongoing study
Author : Shyamal Chowdhury, Jane Kabubo Mariara, Munshi Sulaiman, Uttam Sharma,
Sector : Agriculture fishing and forestry

Insuring farmers through credit: Linking smallholders to financial markets with bundled products in Kenya

Impact evaluation 3ie Publication type : 3ie-funded ongoing study
Author : Sarah Janzen, Nicholas Magnan, Conner Mullally, Karl Hughes, Judith Oduol,
Sector : Agriculture fishing and forestry

Agricultural input subsidies for improving productivity, farm income, consumer welfare and wider growth in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2018

This systematic review by Hemming and colleagues examined the effectiveness of agricultural input subsidies.

The effectiveness of contract farming in improving smallholder income and food security in low- and middle-income countries: a mixed-method systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2017

This systematic review by Ton and colleagues examines the effectiveness of contract farming, a common means of sourcing farm produce from smallholder farmers in low- and middle-income countries. Th

Effects of certification schemes for agricultural production on socio-economic outcomes in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2017

Certification schemes set and monitor voluntary standards to make agricultural production socially sustainable and agricultural trade fairer for producers and workers.

The effects of training, innovation and new technology on African smallholder farmers’ wealth and food security

Systematic review 3ie 2015
This systematic review by Stewart and colleagues analyses the impact of several farming interventions on household income and food security among rural households. Included studies assess the effects of innovation and new technology interventions.

The impact of land property rights interventions on investment and agricultural productivity in developing countries: a systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2016

This systematic review by Lawry and colleagues examines the impacts of interventions to strengthen land property rights on agricultural and livelihood outcomes in rural areas.

Does agricultural certification improve well-being?

Systematic review Brief 3ie 2017
This brief is based on a systematic review that assesses the impact of agriculture certification schemes for improving socially sustainable and fairer production for smallholder farmers and workers.

Agricultural innovation: an evidence gap map

Evidence gap map

This map, funded by the UK Department for International Development and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, presents existing evidence on agricultural inputs, practices and programmes aimed at improving farmers’ productivity and well-being. It further highlights prominent evidence gaps on cost-effectiveness, measurements of spillover effects and the use of experimental evaluation methods.

View report

Agricultural risk and mitigation gap map

Evidence gap map

This map, funded by the UK Department for International Development, presents existing evidence on agricultural insurance interventions that aim to improve smallholder farmer resilience in L&MICs.

View brief | View report

Savings revisited: a replication study of a savings intervention in Malawi

Replication paper 3ie 2018

Jesper Stage and Tharshini Thangavelu replicate the results of a randomized evaluation carried out by Lasse Brune and colleagues in 2016 in Malawi.

Recalling extra data: a replication study of Finding missing markets

Replication paper 3ie 2015
Benjamin DK Wood and Michell Dong conduct an internal replication of Finding Missing Markets (and a Disturbing Epilogue): Evidence From an Export Crop Adoption and Marketing Intervention In Kenya (2009).

The long and short of returns to public investments in fifteen Ethiopian villages

Replication paper 3ie 2015

This is a replication study by William H. Bowser of an impact evaluation by Stefan Dercon, Daniel O. Gilligan, John Hoddinott and Tassew Woldehanna.